This is because it was written and translated during an era where society was converting from paganism to Christianity. Different lands, characters, and themes are based on either the pagan folklore or Christianity. There are many theories explaining how Beowulf became a Christian epic as well as a pagan one. One theory is that of Robert P.
Here are some additional reasons for considering Beowulf an epic: Epics often focus on single heroic figures in this case, Beowulf.
Epics often deal with war or with one-on-one combat, as in the three battles featured in this poem. The hero of an Beowulf can be considered an epic poem for a number of reasons, some of them outlined in the answer already given.
The hero of an epic poem often embodies the highest values of his culture. An epic poem often contains, within itself, other genres of poetry, such as the lyric.
Epic is often closely related to history as a genre. Epics often arise out of oral traditions in poetry, as is certainly the case with Beowulf. Epics often involve interactions between heroes and gods. In Beowulf, the Christian God is not immediately present in the poem but is often mentioned and discussed.
Epic poems are often lofty in their styles of language, as is certainly the case with Beowulf.
Epic often features a certain amount of boasting, as when Beowulf is provoked, by Unferth, into boasting about his exploits as a youth. Epic poems often feature tragic deaths, as in the tragic death of Beowulf himself. For a fuller account of some of these features of epic, see the appropriate article in The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics Princeton: Princeton University Press, A few years later, Ann Watts argued against the imperfect application of one theory to two different traditions: traditional, Homeric, oral-formulaic poetry and Anglo-Saxon poetry.
Thomas Gardner agreed with Watts, arguing that the Beowulf text is of too varied a nature to be completely constructed from set formulae and themes. Explain the elements that make Beowulf an epic poem. Cite examples of pagan and Christian values.
Discuss the relevance of women's roles in Germanic culture. Identify characteristics of Germanic culture as depicted in Beowulf, including the commonality of feuds, the importance of weapons, and the attitudes toward life, death, and material possessions. Beowulf and Christian Beliefs Beowulf contains several biblical references.
References to Cain and the flood are the most direct, but Beowulf also frequently references praying to God and a savior.
Beowulf can be considered an epic poem for a number of reasons, some of them outlined in the answer already given. Here are some additional reasons for considering Beowulf an epic: Epics often. "Beowulf" contains many pagan and folkloric elements, but there are undeniable Christian themes as well.
This dichotomy has led some to interpret the epic as the work of more than one author. This dichotomy has led some to interpret the epic as the work of more than one author.
There are many theories explaining how Beowulf became a Christian epic as well as a pagan one. Beowulf is set in the seventh or eighth century, and Christianity .