Additional Information Abstract Contributing to the current effort to rethink American realism, this essay concentrates on the work of second-generation realist novelists both well known Dreiser, Wharton and forgotten Robert Grant, Robert Herrick, and Booth Tarkington. I argue that, during the first two decades of the twentieth century, American novelists did for fiction what their contemporaries, the pragmatists, did for philosophy:
Garden Worlds, Park Worlds Motives For Colonization As Rick Robinson mentioned, the real reason for extraterrestrial colonization is so that science fiction authors and game designers will have a marvelous background for their creations.
But who are we trying to kid? Science fiction, particularly hard SF, is not known for engaging the whole range of human experience. This is no knock on it; all the branches of Romance are selective. The truth is that we want space colonies so that they can rebel against Earth, form an Empire, and generally play out History with a capital H, with lots of explosions and other cool stuff along the way.
Westerns are set in the wild west, the corresponding location in science fiction is an interstellar colony. The tired old "calling the jackrabbit a smeerp" trick. Un-lazy writers can and have written award-winning novels which technically are "westerns set in space" but are not pulling a Bad Durston: He cut out his super-hyper-drive for the landing He spurred hard for a low overhange of rim-rock They should — one is merely a western transplanted to some alien and impossible planet.
Population Explosion But Terra becoming overpopulated can not be solved by colonization.
Noted science popularizer Isaac Asimov pointed out the flaw in that solution. Currently population growth is about million people a year, or abouta day.
It is a lot easier to use contraception. The other thing to note is that as nations become industrialized, their population growth tends to level offor even decline.
This removes population pressure as a colonization motive. The newscaster went on to say that the Spaceship Mayflower had finally been commissioned and that the rolls were now opened for emigrants. Pretty lucky for them, I thought. No twerps like Jones. And a brand new planet.
The spuds were ready. I took a quick look at my ration accounts, decided we could afford it, and set out a couple of pats of butterine for them. The broiler was ringing; I removed the steaks, set everything out, and switched on the candles, just as Anne would have done. That way you never get your accounts fouled up.
Dad sniffed the steaks and grinned. This was a good crop year and they started operating the Montana yeast plant besides. Try it on your slide rule. Dad is absent-minded; he lets ration points get into the incinerator. When I salvage, I really salvage.
The untaxed quota for our family was three children, then my brother Pat and I came along in one giant economy package. We were a surprise to everyone, especially to my parents, my three sisters, and the tax adjusters.
Maybe Dad did not handle the emergency right. Many families get an extra child quota on an exchange basis with another family, or something, especially when the tax-free limit has already been filled with all boys or all girls. But Dad was stubborn, maintaining that the law was unconstitutional, unjust, discriminatory, against public morals, and contrary to the will of God.
He could reel off a list of important people who were youngest children of large families, from Benjamin Franklin to the first governor of Pluto, then he would demand to know where the human race would have been without them? He could have paid the annual head tax on us supernumeraries, applied for a seven-person flat, and relaxed to the inevitable.
Then he could have asked for reclassification. Instead he claimed exemption for us twins each year, always ended by paying our head tax with his check stamped "Paid under Protest!
When Pat and I were little we slept in homemade cribs in the bathroom which could not have been convenient for anybody, then when we were bigger we slept on the living-room couch, which was inconvenient for everybody, especially our sisters, who found it cramping to their social life.
Dad could have solved all this by putting in for family emigration to Mars or Venus, or the Jovian moons, and he used to bring up the subject.
But this was the one thing that would make Mum more stubborn than he was. Mother never answered and we never emigrated. Population doubles each day.
Exponential growth is famous for starting out slow and then zooming through the roof.We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. Towards the end of that decade, confounding the expectations of most analysts, the teenage murder rate fell by more than 50% in the space of five years; by , the book notes, the overall murder rate was at its lowest for 35 years.
In this dizzyingly rich novel of ideas, Mann uses a sanatorium in the Swiss Alps, a community devoted exclusively to sickness, as a microcosm for Europe, which in the years before was already exhibiting the first symptoms of .
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