Paper Types Paper Types Research Articles present fully developed analysis, results, and discussion of on scientific topics within the scope of the journal. They are expected to present new theories and novel concepts along with their applications, and the results should be significant. Although there is no limitation of space, to encourage clarity, and conciseness of presentation excess length fees are charged for manuscripts longer than 25 publication units.
Practice Test Research reports vary greatly in length and type. In each individual case, both the length and the form are largely dictated by the problems at hand.
For instance, business firms prefer reports in the letter form, just one or two pages in length.
Banks, insurance organisations and financial institutions are generally fond of the short balance-sheet type of tabulation for their annual reports to their customers and shareholders. Mathematicians prefer to write the results of their investigations in the form of algebraic notations.
Chemists report their results in symbols and formulae. Students of literature usually write long reports presenting the critical analysis of some writer or period or the like with a liberal use of quotations from the works of the author under discussion.
In the field of education and psychology, the favourite form is the report on the results of experimentation accompanied by the detailed statistical tabulations. Clinical psychologists and social pathologists frequently find it necessary to make use of the case-history form.
News items in the daily papers are also forms of report writing. They represent firsthand on-thescene accounts of the events described or compilations of interviews with persons who were on the scene. In such reports the first paragraph usually contains the important information in detail and the succeeding paragraphs contain material which is progressively less and less important.
Such reviews also happen to be a kind of short report.
The reports prepared by governmental bureaus, special commissions, and similar other organisations are generally very comprehensive reports on the issues involved.
Such reports are usually considered as important research products. The above narration throws light on the fact that the results of a research investigation can be presented in a number of ways viz.
Which method s of presentation to be used in a particular study depends on the circumstances under which the study arose and the nature of the results.
A technical report is used whenever a full written report of the study is required whether for recordkeeping or for public dissemination. A popular report is used if the research results have policy implications.
We give below a few details about the said two types of reports: Technical Report In the technical report the main emphasis is on the methods employed, assumptions made in the course of the study, the detailed presentation of the findings including their limitations and supporting data.
A general outline of a technical report can be as follows: A brief review of the main findings just in two or three pages. Nature of the study: Description of the general objectives of study, formulation of the problem in operational terms, the working hypothesis, the type of analysis and data required, etc.
Specific methods used in the study and their limitations. For instance, in sampling studies we should give details of sample design viz.
Discussion of data collected, their sources, characteristics and limitations. If secondary data are used, their suitability to the problem at hand be fully assessed. In case of a survey, the manner in which data were collected should be fully described.Full Length Methodology Research Letters / Rapid Communications / Short Communications Case Studies •Uses no technical jargon •Is brief and specific •Minimizes the use of abbreviations methodology-type papers.
Methodology The methodology section can be generally divided into. Technical documents are everywhere. I don't know how many of them qualify as "papers" per se, but here's a list of several technical documents that you may encounter in the real world: Technical Report - This is a problem-solving paper.
It's written after extensive research (often original research. A Guide for Writing a Technical Research Paper Libby Shoop Macalester College, Mathematics and Computer Science Department 1 Introduction This document provides you with some tips and some resources to help you write a technical research paper.
The significance test can show whether the null hypothesis is more likely correct than the research hypothesis. Research methodology in a number of areas like social sciences depends heavily on significance tests. Errors in Research. Logically, there are two types of errors when blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and.
Observational research is a group of different research methods where researchers try to observe a phenomenon without interfering too much.
Observational research methods, such as the case study, are probably the furthest removed from the established scientific method. "A technical report (also: scientific report) is a document that describes the process, progress, or results of technical or scientific research or the state of a technical or scientific research problem.
It might also include recommendations and conclusions of the research.".